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Storing carbon in the ArcticEurekAlert | 04 Dec 2013
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) As Arctic sea ice shrinks, the ocean stores more carbon, study finds.
Ocean crust could store many centuries of industrial CO2EurekAlert | 04 Dec 2013
(University of Southampton) Researchers from the University of Southampton have identified regions beneath the oceans where the igneous rocks of the upper ocean crust could safely store very large volumes of carbon dioxide.
Humans threaten wetlands' ability to keep pace with sea-level riseEurekAlert | 04 Dec 2013
(Virginia Institute of Marine Science) Left to themselves, coastal wetlands can withstand rapid levels of sea-level rise. But humans could be sabotaging some of their best defenses, according to a Nature review paper published Thursday from the Virginia Institute of Marine Science and the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.
Sustaining Resilience at SeaNew York Times | 04 Dec 2013
New research indicates that a marine reserve helps ward off some of the effects of climate change.
Major Report Details Potential Costs of Climate Change in the Pacificadb.org | 03 Dec 2013
The economic loss suffered by the Pacific region could range from 2.9% to as high as 12.7% of annual GDP by 2100, according to a new study from the Asian Development Bank (ADB). It includes modeling of future climate over the Pacific region, assessments of the potential impacts on agriculture, fisheries, tourism, coral reefs, and human health, and predictions of the potential economic impact of climate change for specific sectors and economies under various emissions scenarios.
Antarctic fjords are climate-sensitive hotspots of diversity in a rapidly warming regionEurekAlert | 03 Dec 2013
(University of Hawaii at Manoa) In the first significant study of seafloor communities in the glacier-dominated fjords along the west Antarctic Peninsula, scientists expected to find an impoverished seafloor highly disturbed by glacial sedimentation, similar to what has been documented in well-studied Arctic regions. Instead, they found high levels of diversity and abundance in megafauna.
Marine reserves enhance resilience to climate changeEurekAlert | 01 Dec 2013
(University of Southampton) A new study, led by a University of Southampton scientist, highlights the potential for fish communities in marine reserves to resist climate change impacts better than communities on fished coasts.
Toby Manhire: Climate asylum claim sign of things to come (opinion)New Zealand Herald | 29 Nov 2013
The story from New Zealand that received the most international play this week must at first glance have looked like one of those eccentric yarns from down under: NZ rejects climate change refugee. Kooky. Certainly there is something eyecatching about the attempt by Kiribati national Ioane Teitiota to become the "world's first climate refugee".
Ocean acidity is increasing at an unprecedented rateUNESCO | 29 Nov 2013
The unprecedented rate of ocean acidification is one of the most alarming phenomena generated by climate change and the only way to mitigate the dangers it represents consists in reducing CO2 emissions significantly.
Jurassic clues to current declining size of marine lifefishupdate.com | 28 Nov 2013
Data collected by a scientist now at the University of Liverpool has predicted a dramatic decline in the size of marine animals used as food by humans, due to reduced oxygen levels in the oceans.
Polar bear numbers in Hudson Bay of Canada on verge of collapseGuardian Unlimited | 27 Nov 2013
Polar bear populations are a sensitive topic for the Canadian government, which has faced international criticism for its policies on climate change and for allowing limited hunting of bears, mainly by indigenous communities.
Marine climate change impacts: A UK perspectivestakeholderforum.org | 22 Nov 2013
The UK coastal and marine environment supports rich, diverse and complex ecosystems that share an increasingly crowded space with the built environment. Whilst national and EU marine legislation is developing rapidly to protect our seas, under prevailing environmental conditions, climate change will mean that these conditions could look very different in the future.
New science further highlights the important mitigation potential of coastal ecosystemsstakeholderforum.org | 22 Nov 2013
Coastal ecosystems – in particular mangrove forests, tidal marshes and seagrasses – are well recognised for their provision of essential ecosystem goods and services. Among other natural services, coastal ecosystems have the ability to sequester and store substantial amounts of carbon, both in their tree biomass, as well as in the deep mud that accumulates around their roots.
Adoption of a blue carbon credit programmestakeholderforum.org | 22 Nov 2013
The deep, open ocean is the largest ecosystem on Earth and the source of all life. Through photosynthesis it provides over 50 per cent of Earths oxygen and is the primary source of protein for over a billion people – a number that is growing. Through the twin mechanisms of photosynthesis and equilibrium chemistry, it provides the primary means by which the Earth sequesters carbon dioxide.
Underwater 'tree rings'EurekAlert | 18 Nov 2013
(University of Toronto) Almost 650 years of annual change in sea-ice cover can been seen in the calcite crust growth layers of seafloor algae, says a new study from the University of Toronto Mississauga.
Ocean of Life: How our Seas are Changing, by Callum Roberts - book reviewGuardian Unlimited | 18 Nov 2013
The best science writers can command words, imagery and cadence to match any award-winning novelist. That is not, however, why we read science books. We read them for what they have to tell us: the best science books are triumphs of substance over style, and Ocean of Life is one of them.
Safety in numbers? Not so for coralsEurekAlert | 15 Nov 2013
Traditionally, it was assumed that corals do not face a risk of extinction unless they become very rare or have a very restricted range. A team of scientists from the University of Hawaii and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has revealed that global changes in climate and ocean chemistry affect corals whether scare or abundant, and often it is the dominant, abundant corals with wide distributions that are affected the most.