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Construction of World's Most Advanced Deep-diving Robotic VehicleWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution | 06 Dec 2013
Schmidt Ocean Institute (SOI) has begun working with the Deep Submergence Laboratory at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) to design and build the worlds most advanced robotic undersea research vehicle for use on SOIs ship Falkor. The new vehicle will be capable of operating in the deepest known trenches on the planet, including the nearly 11,000-meter-deep Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench.
Call of the WhalesWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution | 05 Dec 2013
Last fall a team of researchers put two torpedo-shaped underwater robots in the Gulf of Maine to find whales for us, said Mark Baumgartner, a biologist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). The gliders were equipped with digital acoustic monitoring (DMON) instruments to listen for whale calls and specialized software to identify the calls.
How Scientists are Using Drones to Fight the Next Big Oil Spilltheatlantic.com | 05 Dec 2013
More than three-and-half years after the Deepwater Horizon disaster spewed millions of gallons of petroleum into the Gulf of Mexico, scientists are launching drones and ocean-going sensor arrays off the Florida coast in an effort to map the path of future oil spills before they devastate beaches and coastal ecosystems.
New Jersey Shore likely faces unprecedented flooding by mid-centuryEurekAlert | 05 Dec 2013
(Rutgers University) Geoscientists at Rutgers and Tufts universities estimate that the New Jersey shore will likely experience a sea-level rise of about 1.5 feet by 2050 and of about 3.5 feet by 2100 -- 11 to 15 inches higher than the average for sea-level rise globally over the century.
Deep-sea study reveals cause of 2011 tsunamiEurekAlert | 05 Dec 2013
(McGill University) The devastating tsunami that struck Japan's Tohoku region in March 2011 was touched off by a submarine earthquake far more massive than anything geologists had expected in that zone. Now, an international scientific team has published a set of studies in the journal Science that shed light on what caused the dramatic displacement of the seafloor off Japan's coast.
Inside a mermaid's purseGuardian Unlimited | 05 Dec 2013
A poetic intersection between life and science, art and photography.
Rising ocean acidification leads to anxious fishWorld Fishing | 05 Dec 2013
New research combining marine physiology, neuroscience, pharmacology, and behavioural psychology has revealed a surprising outcome from increased levels of carbon dioxide in the oceans - anxious fish.
Coastal sea changeEurekAlert | 04 Dec 2013
(University of Delaware) Carbon dioxide pumped into the air since the Industrial Revolution appears to have changed the way the coastal ocean functions, according to a new analysis published this week in Nature. A comprehensive review of research on carbon cycling in rivers, estuaries and continental shelves suggests that collectively this coastal zone now takes in more carbon dioxide than it releases.
Storing carbon in the ArcticEurekAlert | 04 Dec 2013
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) As Arctic sea ice shrinks, the ocean stores more carbon, study finds.
Ocean crust could store many centuries of industrial CO2EurekAlert | 04 Dec 2013
(University of Southampton) Researchers from the University of Southampton have identified regions beneath the oceans where the igneous rocks of the upper ocean crust could safely store very large volumes of carbon dioxide.
Humans threaten wetlands' ability to keep pace with sea-level riseEurekAlert | 04 Dec 2013
(Virginia Institute of Marine Science) Left to themselves, coastal wetlands can withstand rapid levels of sea-level rise. But humans could be sabotaging some of their best defenses, according to a Nature review paper published Thursday from the Virginia Institute of Marine Science and the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.
Sustaining Resilience at SeaNew York Times | 04 Dec 2013
New research indicates that a marine reserve helps ward off some of the effects of climate change.
Experts say the IPCC underestimated future sea level riseGuardian Unlimited | 04 Dec 2013
It looks like past IPCC predictions of sea level rise were too conservative; things are worse than we thought. That is the takeaway message from a new study out in Quaternary Science Reviews and from updates to the IPCC report itself. The new study, which is also discussed in depth on RealClimate, tries to determine what our sea levels will be in the future.
Antarctic fjords are climate-sensitive hotspots of diversity in a rapidly warming regionEurekAlert | 03 Dec 2013
(University of Hawaii at Manoa) In the first significant study of seafloor communities in the glacier-dominated fjords along the west Antarctic Peninsula, scientists expected to find an impoverished seafloor highly disturbed by glacial sedimentation, similar to what has been documented in well-studied Arctic regions. Instead, they found high levels of diversity and abundance in megafauna.
Oyster patent wins professor Inventor of the Year AwardWorld Fishing | 03 Dec 2013
Professor Stan Allen of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) and colleague Ximing Guo from Rutgers University have received the Inventor of the Year Award from the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame.
SU biologist develops method for monitoring shipping noise in dolphin habitatEurekAlert | 02 Dec 2013
(Syracuse University) A biologist in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences has developed a system of techniques for tracking ships and monitoring underwater noise levels in a protected marine mammal habitat. The techniques are the subject of a groundbreaking article in Marine Pollution Bulletin, focusing on the bottlenose dolphin population in Scotland's Moray Firth.
Arctic study shows key marine food web species at risk from increasing CO2EurekAlert | 02 Dec 2013
(University of Exeter) A research expedition to the Arctic, as part of the Catlin Arctic Survey, has revealed that tiny crustaceans, known as copepods, that live just beneath the ocean surface are likely to battle for survival if ocean acidity continues to rise. The study found that copepods that move large distances, migrating vertically across a wide range of pH conditions, have a better chance of surviving.
Plastic 'a threat' to biodiversityBBC | 02 Dec 2013
Tiny particles of waste plastic that are ingested by shoreline "eco-engineer" worms could have an adverse impact on biodiversity, a study shows.
Mounting microplastic pollution harms 'earthworms of the sea' - reportGuardian Unlimited | 02 Dec 2013
Tiny bits of plastic rubbish ingested by marine worms is significantly harming their health and will have wider impact on ocean ecosystems, scientists have found. Microplastic particles, measuring less than 5mm in size, have been accumulating in the oceans since the 1960s and are now the most abundant form of solid-waste pollution on Earth.
Where we are now with Corals of the World (blog)The Ocean Foundation | 02 Dec 2013
Corals of the World is a project that began with a five-year effort to put together what became a 3-volume hard copy encyclopaedia with photographs illustrating the global diversity of corals, published in 2000. Yet that massive task was just the beginning—obviously we needed an interactive on-line, updateable, open-access system that included two major components: Coral Geographic and Coral Id.